OS X Startup Commands

Keystroke Description
X Start OS X in Forced Mode
⌥ + ⌘ + ⇧ + DEL Bypass primary startup volume and seek a different startup volume (such as a CD or external disk).
C Start up from a CD that has a system folder.
N Attempt to start up from a compatible network server (NetBoot).
R Force PowerBook screen reset.
T Start up in FireWire Target Disk Mode.
  Start up in Safe Boot Mode. Temporarily disable login items and non-essential kernel extension files (Mac OS X 10.2 and later).
(held until second restart) Boots into “Safe Boot” mode, which runs Disk First Aid. The system will restart on completion.
⌘ + V Start up in Verbose Mode.
⌘ + S Start up in Single-User Mode. The results in UNIX command line.
  Boot into Open Firmware.Select a boot device.
⌘ + ⌥ + P + R Reset Parameter RAM (PRAM) and non-volatile RAM (NVRAM).
(mouse button clicked and held) Eject (internal) removable media.